1/16/2020

CATAWBA STUDENTS AT THE CARLISLE INDIAN SCHOOL (1879-1918)


12 Carlisle Indian School students enrolled with affiliation to the "Catawba" nation according to the documents found at NARA and CCHS. 

Most of these students came from the Rock Hill / Roddey area of South Carolina. This list includes student names and parent or home address as records show.

For digitized student files, enrollment cards or photos, go to   CARLISLE INDIAN SCHOOL DIGITAL RESOURCE CENTER.


Ayres, Mary / David Ayres, Roddey SC
Ayres, Wade / David Ayres, Rock Hill SC
Blue, Fred Nelson / Sam T Blue, Roddey, SC
George, Beulah / See Cherokee list
George, Moroni / Taylor George, Roddey SC
Harris, Artemis / David Harris, Roddey, SC
Harris, Charlotte aka Lottie / F Harris, Cherokee NC
Harris, Edith / David Harris, Roddey Sc
Harris, Hester / c. Nancy Harris, Roddey SC
Harris, Lavinia / David Harris, Roddey SC
Harris, Rosa /
Sanders, Joseph / John Sanders, Wanwycch SC

1/14/2020

CHEROKEE STUDENTS AT THE CARLISLE INDIAN INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL (1879-1918)

CHEROKEE STUDENTS AT THE CARLISLE INDIAN INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL (1879-1918)

324 Carlisle Indian School students enrolled with affiliation to the "Cherokee" nation according to the documents found at NARA and CCHS. 

These students came from North Carolina (254), Georgia (4), Oklahoma (54), Kansas (3), Missouri (2), Louisiana (2), Illinois (4) and Wisconsin (1). This list includes student names and parent or home address as records show.

For digitized student files, enrollment cards or photos, go to   CARLISLE INDIAN SCHOOL DIGITAL RESOURCE CENTER.


Amachana, Nick (To Night) [Arm Chair] / Joseph, NC
Arch, Jennie / C. David Arch, Cherokee, NC
Arch, Johnson / Mrs Taxie And David Arch, Cherokee NC
Arch, Kodeskie / Irne Consum, Cherokee NC
Arch, Olivan / David Arch,Cherokee NC
Arch, Ross / David Arch, Cherokee NC
Armachain(E), Jonah Ann Eliza Welch, Stoney NC
Asher, Buck / Jg Schofield, Chectoah OK Gdn
Baldridge, William James Baldridge, Poorn, OK
Bean, Albert / Ochelata OK
Beck, Diana / C. James Beck, Cherokee School NC
Beck, Ella / C. Samual Beck, Homing Post, OK; Dora Red Eagle
Beck, Eugene / Samuel Beck, Clayton GA
Beck, Mamie / C. James Beck, NC
Beck, May / C. Samuel Beck, Clayton, GA
Beck, Rose / Samuel Beck, Cherokee NC
Beck, Savannah / C. Samuel Beck, Clayton, GA
Beck, Stacy / James Beck, Clayton GA
Bell, Ernest / Caroline Bell, Lumberton NC
Big Jim, Goliath [Gillowich]/ aka James B Driver / Driver Big Jim, Cherokee NC
Big Jim, Lassla / Cherokee NC
Big Meat, Robert John Crow [Uncle], Cherokee NC
Bird, David / Mrs Sarah Bird Arneach, Almond NC
Bird, Lizzie / Jefferson Amach, Whittier NC
Blythe, Fred / James Blythe, Cherokee, NC Gdn
Blythe, Sampson / Cherokee NC
Blythe, Stella / NC
Boles, Richard / Kate Downing, Tezanna OK
Bradley, Henry / Vandalia Bradley, Cherokee NC
Bradley, Johnson Vandalia Bradley, Cherokee NC
Bradley, Margaret Nancy Bradlye, Stonery NC
Bradley, Nick / Vandalia Bradley, Cherokee NC
Cannot, Abel / Geo Cannot, NC
Catolst, Etta / Charley Catolst, NC
Christian, Alva Blanchard / Thoms M Christian, Shawnee OK
Clark, John / John C Clark, Lumberton NC
Coats, Elmer E / Susie D Coats, Pryor OK
Cody, John / Keller Cody NC
Coleman, Nancy / Nancy Mary Ellen Coleman, Cherokee NC
Colonahaska, Abraham / Doneola Colonahaska Father, Cherokee NC
Colonahaski, Joseph / Isiah Colonahaski,Whittier NC
Colonhaske, Charles / Susan Colonahski, NC
Conley, John / NC
Conley, Luke / John Conley, Wahiyah, NC
Conseen, Junalaski / Augani Conseen, Cherokee NC
Corbin, Sara / OK
Cornsilk, Dow / Cherokee NC
Cornsilk, Martha / Cherokee NC
Crittenden, Cicero / Rb Worsham, Stilwell OK Gdn
Crow, Alice Bigwitch / Sallie Bigwitch, Whittier NC
Crow, Arthur / Mary Greene, Cherokee NC
Crow, Boyd / Joseph Crow, Cherokee NC
Crow, David / Sevier Crow, Cherokee NC
Crow, Dora / Cherokee NC
Crow, Etta / C. Mrs Laura Crow, Sevier Crow, Cherokee NC
Crow, Nana Anona / Survey Crow, Cherokee NC
Crow, Ossie / Welsey And Peter Crow NC
Crow, Robert Elige / Wesley Crow, Cherokee NC
Crow, Ute / Wm Chitoske, Cherokee NC
Crowe, Dora Dell / Mary Crowe, Whittier NC
Crowe, Luther / Mary Greene, NC
Crowe, Minnie / Joseph Corw, Cherokee NC
Cucumber, Gena / Ross Cucumber, Cherokee NC
Daniel, Adolphus / Wm Buzzard, Jay, OK
Daughtery, Robin / Rb Worsham Gdn, Stilwell OK
Davis, Anita / Sallie Long, Cherokee NC
Davis, David / Charlie Davis, Swayney NC
Davis, Isaac / Charlie Davis, Cherokee NC
Davis, Israel / Charlie Davis, Swayney NC
Dewatley, Sam / James Dewatley, Cherokee NC
Dewitt, Charles / Shawnee OK
Downing, Hill / Father Houston Downing, Jay OK
Driver, Adam / Eliza Kruaght, Cherokee NC
Driver, James B (see Goliath Big Jim) /
Duncan, Charles / Thos J Sanders, Stillwell OK Gj Sanders, Stillwll OK Gdn
Duncan, Felix / Lydia Duncan, Stilwell OK
Feather, Hettie / Sallie Shell, Cherokee NC Gdn
Feather, Mary / Samuel E Adair, Stillwell, OK
Fields, Leslie Earl / Nellie Fields, South West City, MO
Fisher, Moses Wiley / Maggie Fisher, Choteau OK
Fishinghawk, Chickkilla / Jl Morton, Stillwell OK
Foreman, Evaline / Minnie Foreman, Tahlequah OK
Foreman, Osceola / Joe Foreman, Locust Grove, OK
French, Maud / Arves French, Cherokee NC
French, Morgan / Will French, Swayney NC
French, Moroni / Awee French, Birdtown, NC
French, Ned / Birdtown NC
French, Nellie / Adam Owl, Whittier NC (Cousin)
French, Songhee / Awee Toonie, Birdtown NC
George, Abraham / Joe Stone George, Cherokee NC
George, Annie Smoke / Mrs Mary George, Dawson George, Cherokee NC
George, Beulah / Sampson Owl, Cherokee NC
George, Dahney / Stemper George, NC
George, Green / William Johnson, Cherokee NC
George, Hayes (I Gon Du Geh) / Stamper George NC
George, Jordan / Yonasjena Geroge, Cherokee NC
George, Judas / Jonah Skena George NC
George, Manly / Qualla, Whittier NC
George, Mark / Charleston George, Birdtown, NC Gdn
George, Samuel / Qualla Boundary NC
Geroge, Sohn / David George, NC
Gilstrap, Anna / Lou Gilstrap, Evanston, IL Mother
Gilstrap, David F / Lou Gilstrap, Evanston, IL
Gilstrap, Mamie / Lou Gilstrap, Evanston, IL
Graybeard, James / Moses Vilnotz, Cherokee NC
Graybeard, Sallie / Moses Vilnotz, Cherokee NC
Green, George / Wm Johnson, Cherokee NC
Green, Willie Lucy / Mrs Frances Green, Muskogee OK
Hall, Bessie / Wd Hall, Viaw, OK
Hicks, May / Jw Wyrick, Baxter Springs, KS
Hicks, Nina / Jw Wyrick, Baxter Springs, KS Gdn
Hildebrandt, Benjamin / Mrs Laura Butler, South West City, MO
Hill, Blaine M / Maul Hill, Wahhiyah NC
Hill, Minda / Louisa Hill, Sonery NC
Holland,Walter / Hugh Holland, OK (identified as Creek in IH)
Holomiheskie, Martha / Cherokee, NC
Hornbuckle, Dinah / Leander Hornbuckle, Cherokee NC
Hornbuckle, Fred / C. Will Hornbuckle, Cherokee NC
Hornbuckle, Jefferson Davis / Davis Hornbuckle, Cherokee NC
Hornbuckle, Johnson / Sallie Catt, Bryson City NC
Hornbuckle, Maggie / C. Jas Hornbuckle, E Cherokee, NC
Hornbuckle, William / Rebecca And James Hornbuckle, Cherokee NC
Hornbuckle,. Ross / Ross Smith, Cherokee NC
Israell, Ella / Wm Israel, Salina OK
Jackson, Fannie / John Jackson, Cherokee NC
Jackson, Jack {Owanita) / Nannie Jackson, Cherokee NC
Jackson, Jonas / John Jackson, Cherokee NC
Jackson, Sarah / John Jackson, Cherokee NC
Jacobs, Luther / William Jacobs, Lumberton NC
Jasson, John / Jassan, Cherokee NC
Jessan, Joseph / Lydia Jessan, NC
Jessan, Dahnola / Wagnersville NC
Johnson, Addison / Janus Johnson, Cherokee NC
Johnson, Amy / NC
Johnson, Clifford / Hnery West, Vian OK Gdn
Johnson, Frances F / John W Anderson, Claremore OK
Johnson, Lewis / William E Johnson Rose OK
Johnson, Richard W / John W Johnson, Claremore OK
Johnson, Samuel M / John W Johnson, Claremore OK
Johnson, Simon / Janus Johnson,Cherokee NC Amanda Thompson, Cherokee NC
Johnson, Tempa / C. Idaih Colonahashi, Cherokee And Thaddeus Nick Whittier NC
Johnson, William / Golia Blithe, Cherokee NC
Jumper, Stansil / Ute Jumper, Whittier NC
Lambert, John / John Lambert, Cherokee NC
Larch, David / Daniel Larch, Cherokee NC
Larch, Olive / Daniel Larch, Cherokee NC
Larch, William / Daniel Larch, Cherokee NC
Largen, Mary E / Salliswa OK
Lewis, Bert / Jas Lewis, Turley, OKl
Littlejohn, Agnes / Cherokee NC
Littlejohn, Guy / Will Littlejohn, Cherokee NC
Locklear, Charles / Fuller Locklear, Lumberton NC
Locklear, George / C/ Fuller Locklear, Lumberton, NC
Locust, Peter / William Locust, Whittier NC
Long, Carl Wheeler / George Long, Cherokee NC
Long, Charles / Joe Long, Whittier, NC
Long, Peter Ichudahulattah / Connehatah, Cherokee NC
Long, Rachel / C. Con Ne He Tah, E Cherokee NC
Long, Sylvester Clark / Jos Long, Winston NC, Robeson Ag
Lossih, John / John Dehart Lossih, Cherokee, NC
Lossih, Solomon / Lon Toineeta, Cherokee NC
Lossih, Thomas / Mrs Hennie Lossih, Cherokee NC
Lowin, Lucy / NC
Lowrie, Garfield / Alex Lowie, Pembroke NC
Maney, James / Jasper Maney, Birdtown NC
Mcclanahan, Leonard / Tb Cornelius, Vian OK Gdn
Mcdaniels, George / Thomas Mcdaniel, Gdn, Muscogee, OK Indian Territory
Melton, Anna M / Grove OK
Melton, Clara / Grove OK
Melton, Cora / Grove OK
Miller, Iva / Grace Gray Morris, Arkansas City, KS
Miller, Leon / Nora Miller, Evanston IL
Mixwater, Lollie / OK
Mumblehead, James Bradley / John Mumblehead, Almond NC
Mumblehead, James W / Mrs Sallie Catt, Almond NC
Mumblehead, Roger / Nancy Saunooke, Cherokee NC
Muskrat, Harvey R / Jas Muskrat, Grove OK
Newcomb, Otmus A / Thomas Newcomb OK
Newcombe, Robest F / Amanda Wilson, Nowata OK
Nick, Bessie Eganola / C. Cherokee NC
Nick, Chittoske Tassie Nick Chiltoski Nick / C. Sam Collins, Cherokee NC
Nick, Minnie / NC
Ocumma, Mattie / James, E Cherokee, NC
Oosowie, Tarquette / Sallie Johnson, Cherokee NC
Osowie, William / Jennie Osowie, Cherokee NC
Owl, Agnes / B Jumper, Cherokee NC
Owl, Ammons / Suate Owl, Cherokee NC
Owl, David / Adam Owl, Birdtown NC
Owl, Enoch / Annie Owl, Cherokee NC
Owl, Fanny / NC
Owl, John / Adam Owl, Cherokee NC
Owl, Johnson / George Owl, Cherokee NC
Owl, Kamie / Sampson Owl, Cherokee NC
Owl, Martha / Jos Owl, E Cherokee NC
Owl, Martha Jane / Solomon Owl, Birdtown, NC
Owl, Samuel / Adam Owl, Birdtown NC
Owl, Theodore / NC
Owl, Thomas / C. Adam Owl, Cherokee NC
Owl, William / Adam Owl, Ja Tahquette, Cherokee NC
Owl, William H / Suate Owl, Cherokee NC
Oxendine, James / Charity Oxendine, Pembroke NC
Oxendine, Lacy / Pembroke NC
Paris, Marion / Mrs Annie E Paris, Catale OK
Parker, Harrison G / R Jordan Gdn. Mcalester OK
Parris, George / Johnanna Parris, Rose OK
Partridge, Bird / Jm Partridge And Delvid Partridge, Bird Town, NC
Payne, George / Hasel Payne, Cherokee NC
Powell, Moses / John Powell, Wahhiayah, NC
Powell, Sarah / Doogah Powell, Swayney NC
Powell, Stansill / John Powell; Dague Powell, Wahhiyah NC
Ratliff, William Ratley / Hughie Battles, Cherokee NC
Reed, Lloyd / Peter Reed, Grdfather, Cherokee NC
Reed, Lucinda [Cindy] / Cherokee, NC
Reed, Margaret Goleach / Mrs Rachel C Reed, James Reed, Cherokee NC
Revels, Willard / Like Revels, New Auburn WI
Rogers, Winifred D (Winnie) / Andrew J Rodgers, Short OK
Ross, Adam [Tewatley - Nick Name] / C/ James Tewatley, E Cherokee NC
Ross, Mckinley / NC
Ross, Rosa / C. Joshua Ross, Tullahassee Mission OK
Running Wolfe, Lloyd / Running Wolf, Cherokee NC
Sam, Josiah / Sulteesky Sam, Stillwell OK
Sannooka, Jackson / Stacey An John Saunooke, Almond NC
Saunook, Stillwell / John Sounook, Whittier NC
Saunooke, Dora / C. Dora Saunooke Mother NC
Saunooke, Isabel / C. John Saunooke NC
Saunooke, Joe / C/ Cowan Saunooke, [Chief], Cherokee NC
Saunooke, Malinda / Stilwell Saunooke, NC
Saunooke, Nana / Joe Saunooke,Cherokee NC
Saunooke, Nannie Mrs Manus Screamer / C. Stilwell Saunooke NC
Saunooke, Samuel / C/ John Saunooke, Cherokee NC
Saunooke, Stephen / Cherokee NC
Screamer, Manus / C/ James Screamer, And Ollie Saunooke, Cherokee, NC
Seay, John W / C/ Poleman Seay, Cherokee NC
Sequoyah, Lizzie / C. Jackali, Cherokee NC
Sequoyah, Luzena Luzena Jackali Mrs Blaine Hill / C. Jackali, Cherokee NC
Sequoyah, Noah / John Sequoyah, Cherokee NC
Sequoyah, Tahquette / Jackalye Sequoyah, Wahhiyah NC
Shell, Huckleberry B / Wp Fay, Stilwell, OK Gdn
Shell, Ute / C/ John Shell, Cherokee NC
Shevill, William / Andy Shevill, Cherokee NC
Smith, David / Stoney NC
Smith, Duffia / C/ Dock Smith, Birdtown NC
Smith, Jacob / C/ Henry Smith, NC
Smith, Jesse / NC
Smith, Lewis / C. Jesse Murphy, Gd, NC
Smith, Lottie / C. George Smith, Cherokee NC
Smith, Mary Ann / Henry Smith, Cherokee NC
Smith, Robinson / Floyd Smith, Cherokee NC
Smith, Roxanna / NC
Smith, Sibbald / C/ Nimrod Smith, Cherokee NC
Smith, Tom / C/ Henry Smith, Cherokee NC
Squirrell, Dinah / Gdn: Je Henderson, Birdtown NC
Standingdeer, Culgaluska (Carl W) / C. Wesley Standingdeer, NC
Swaney, Calcina / Laura Swayney, Swayney NC
Swayney, Luzena / John Swayney, Swayney, NC
Teesateske, Welch / Robert Crowe, Whittier NC
Teleskie, Jesse / Ute Jumper, Cherokee NC -- Step-Father
Tewatley, Cain / C/ James Tewatley, Cherokee, NC
Thompson, David B / Johnson Thompson, Swayney NC
Thompson, James / Johnson Thompson, Swaynex, NC
Thompson, Jeffress William / C/ Johnson Thompson NC
Thompson, Newton / Frank M Breene, Bartlesville OK Gdn
Toolate, Nelson / Geo Squirrel, Salina OK
Tramper, Ammoons / C/ Aggie Tramper, Cherokee NC
Tramper, Chittoske “Tossie” / Molly Tramper, Yellow Heel NC
Tramper, Lottie C. / C. Molllie Tramper, Cherokee NC
Tubbs, Laura / C. Tabitha Tubbs, Leesville LA
Tubbs, Texie / C/ Mrs T A Tubbs/ George Tubbs, Leesville LA
Turley, William B / Jw Turley, Turley OK
Wahhahoo, Lista Wahoo / C. John Grey Beard, Cherokee, NC ... Mrs C E Saunders, Cherokee (Mother)
Wahyahnetah, Maggie / Wm Wahyahnetah, Cherokee NC
Wahyahnetah, Posey / Joh Wahyahenutah, Whittier NC
Wahyahnetah, Samuel / Wm Wahyahnetah, Cherokee NC
Walkingstick, Mike / Jno Walking Stick, Birdtown NC
Washington, Joseph / C/ Lizzie And James Washington NC
Washington, Rachel / C. Lizzie Washington (Mother) NC
Webb,William David / Gertrude Webb Norton, Fairland, OK
Welch, Lucinda M / C. Isaac Welch And Nancy Welch, Cherokee NC
Welch, Bettie / NC
Welch, Charlotte [Lottie] / C/ John G Welch, Cherokee, NC
Welch, Clarence / Jas B Welch, Stonery NC .. Browning Mt
Welch, Cornetta / C/ Sampson Welch, Birdtown, NC
Welch, James / Davis Welch, Cherokee NC
Welch, Jesse / Stoney NC; Cherokee NC, Ewen Welch
Welch, John / Jacson Welch, Tomotla, NC
Welch, Lloyd / Mary E Toinetta, Cherokee NC Mother
Welch, Lucinda / C. John G Welch, Cherokee NC
Welch, Mark / Elija Welch, Stonery, NC
Welch, Mary / NC
Welch, Mollie / NC
Welch, Moses / C/ Isaac Welch NC
Welch, Ned / Stonery NC
Welch, Robin / Cherokee NC
Welch, Tony / Mary E Toineeta, Cherokee NC
Welch, William / John G Welch, Cherokee NC
Welch, Wilson Ocumma / James Ocumma, Cherokee NC
Welsh, Mary / Jackson Welch, Cherokee NC
West, James / William West, Cherokee NC
Whippoorwill Allan / Cherokee NC
Whippoorwill, Manly / C/ John Whippoorwill NC
Wiley, Wilson / Josie Hendricks, Ochelata OK
Wilnotih, Ned / Annie Littlejohn, Cherokee NC
Wofford, Jesse / Ochelata OK
Wolf, Callie / Jos Wolfe, Stoney NC
Wolf, Elkany / Abraham Hill, Cherokee NC
Wolfe, Amanda / C/ Nancy Wolfe, Cherokee, NC
Wolfe, Edward / C/ Margaret Wolfe NC
Wolfe, George / David Wolf, Cherokee NC
Wolfe, Jesse / Swayney NC
Wolfe, John / Cherokee NC
Wolfe, Katie / Mrs Margaret Saunooke, Cherokee NC
Wolfe, Mark / David Wolfe, Cherokee NC
Wolfe, Mary / David Wolfe, Cherokee NC
Wolfe, Mary Elizabeth {Lizzie} / Comeback Wolf NC
Wolfe, Pearl / C/ Nancy Wolfe, Cherokee, NC
Wolfe, Tarquette Taquah / Ojalade Dickey, Wahhiyah, NC
Woodell, Margaret / Mallissa Oxedine, Pembroke, NC
Woodfire, Hattie / Edward Hyht NC
Wright, Ellis S / Rose OK
Young Bird, Rufus / John Youngbird NC
Young Bird, Saughee / Whittier NC
Young Bird, Wesley / Cherokee NC
Young Bird, Yhannie / Cherokee NC
Young Deer, Jessie / C/ Youngdeer NC
Young Deer, Stephen / C/ John Youngdeer NC

12/31/2019

ASSINIBOINE STUDENTS AT THE CARLISLE INDIAN INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL (1879-1918)

ASSINIBOINE STUDENTS AT THE CARLISLE INDIAN INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL (1879-1918)

54 Carlisle Indian School students enrolled with affiliation to the "Assiniboine" nation according to the documents found at NARA and CCHS. For digitized student files, enrollment cards or photos, go to   CARLISLE INDIAN SCHOOL DIGITAL RESOURCE CENTER.


Adams, Quincy / Ft Peck / Pipe, Stepfather
Armstong, Bunn / Ft Peck /
Bacon, George / Ft Peck / Henry Owens, Stepfather
Baker, Susie / Ft Peck / Stands On Iron, Stepfather, Poplar Creek Mt
Ball, William / Ft Belknap /
Bent, Katie / Ft Belknap / William Bent
Black, Mary / Ft Peck / Red Feather, Poplar Creek, Mt
Brown, Solomon / Ft Belknap /
Buckles, Nettie Jeanette / Ft Peck / Thos Buckles
Camp, Peter [Four Blankets] / Ft Belknap / Listens In The Camp
Carson, Moses / Ft Peck / White Horse
Clear Eyes, Seth / Ft Belknap /
Cloudbird / Ft Peck / Long Crane
Cox, Isaac / Ft Peck /
Crawford, Julia / Ft Peck / C.Stone Ghost, Poplar Creek Mt
Cree Girl, Regina / Ft Belknap / C. Broken Arm
Davis, Nimrod / Ft Peck /
Emmett, Robert / Ft Peck /
Enter Lodge, Lucy / Ft Belknap /
Flynn, Sarah / Ft Peck / John Flynn, Poplar Creek, Mt
Flynn, Thomas / Ft Peck / John Flynn, Stepfather, Point Poplar Creek, Mt
Forest, Bedford / Ft Peck / Afraid Of A Bear
Gray, Ocie / Ft Peck /
Gray, Vista / Ft Peck / C. Smoker, Stepfather, Poplar Creek Mt
Gregg, Clark / Ft Peck / Dog Eagle, Stepfather
Hammond, Katie / Ft Peck /
Harvey, John / Ft Belknap / Charles Harvey (deceased)
Hayne, Paul / Ft Peck / Tobacco, Relative
Henderson, Charles M / /
Hickman, Maggie / Ft Peck / Big Head, Poplar Creek, Mt
Hovermale, Addie (Hoovermalle) / Minneapolis MN / Mrs Mh Hovermale, father: George B, Minn Minn
Howard, Delia / Ft Peck / Red Feather, Poplar Creek Mt
Howe, Peter / Ft Peck / Checker (Mother)
Iron Claws, Harry / Ft Peck /
King, James / Ft Belknap /
Knor, Charles / Ft Belknap / Philip Knor
Medicine, Ammi / Ft Peck / Moving Medicine
Mitchell, Charles / Ft Belknap / Father: Robert Moore
Mooney, Thomas / Ft Peck / Blue Man, Poplar Creek
Muligan, Albert / Ft Peck /
Murdock, Wesson / Ft Peck / Walking Bull, Stepfather
Nicols, Ollie / Ft Peck / Swings His Thigh Low
Oldrock, Lizzie / Ft Peck / Sister: Lizzie Wirth Smith, Poplar Mt
Parnell, Joseph / Ft Peck / Oswego
Perry, James / Ft Peck / Father: Charles Perry
Redstone, Christine / Ft Peck / Redstone, Stepfather, Poplar Creek
Rogers, Moses / Ft Peck / Wound Plenty, Stepfather
Ryan, Mamie / Ft Peck / Plenty Road, Poplar Creek, Mt
Ryan, Rose / /
Strong, Edith / Ft Peck / C. Stone Shell, Stepfather, Poplar Creek
West, Joseph / Ft Peck /
Wheeler, Dewitt / Wolf Point Rez / Dewitt Clinton Wheeler
Wirth, Christine / Ft Peck / Jacob Wirth
Wirth, Lizzie / Ft Peck / Jacob Wirth

Zitkala Sa (aka Gertrude Simmons Bonnin) at Carlisle.



Indian Helper and other CIIS Newspaper References


VOL. XII. FRIDAY, July 9, 1897 NUMBER 39
Miss Gertrude Simmons is the latest addition to our force of workers. Miss Simmons is a Sioux, seven years a student of White's Institute, Indiana, and of Earlham College two years, is temporarily assisting with the clerical work in Miss Ely's office.

VOL. XII. FRIDAY, July 16, 1897 NUMBER 40
Miss Simmons is pianist for chapel services.

VOL. XII. FRIDAY, August 6, 1897 NUMBER 43
Misses Mary Bailey, Gertrude Simmons and Nellie Robertson departed for the West on Tuesday and Wednesday. Miss Bailey goes to Laguna, New Mexico, Miss Simmons to Yankton, Dakota, and Miss Robertson, to Pine Ridge Agency, South Dakota.

VOL. XII. FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1897 NUMBER 50
On Monday, at the opening exercises of school, Miss Senseny, Vocal Instructress, sang in most excellent voice and with pleasing effect Lynes' "He was a Prince," and Belmont Smight's "Creole Love Song." On Tuesday, Miss Simmons talked upon "The Achievements of the White and Red Races Compared." This from a young Indian maiden was a most thrilling and earnest appeal to the youth of her race to show to the world by their earnestness of purpose that the history of the Indian has been wrongly written, and that their motives as a people have been misunderstood. From this on, the Indian will be judged by the growing generation, who should be industrious and worthy. Every student who heard her remarks should be quickened into a deeper intensity. On Wednesday, Miss Barclay talked on "Li Hung Chang's visit to the United States." This, also, was very interesting and instructive, entering into the details of his daily life.

VOL. XII. FRIDAY, October 1, 1897 NUMBER 51
The King's Daughters have been organized for the year with the following named leaders: Wayside Gleaners-The Binders, Miss Nana Pratt; the Reapers, Miss Cummins; Sunshine Scatters, Miss Barclay; Lend-a-Hand Circle, Miss Luckenbach; What-so-evers, 1st section, Miss Shaffner; 2nd section, Miss Miles; Willing Workers, Miss Simmons and Miss Bailey; The Little Learners, Miss Ericson. Their lessons in Bible Study will be upon the life of Christ as found in the four Gospels. On last Thursday, at the opening exercises of school, Antonio Apache gave an account of his trip through the British Colonies. On Friday, "Seth Lowe and the Greater New York," occupied the time, Professor Bakeless the speaker. On Monday he again spoke upon Nicola Tesla and his Electrical Researches, showing how little things change the world. On Tuesday, James Wheelock, played a clarinet solo, accompanied on piano by Miss Simmons. It was one of Hartmann's compositions and was beautifully rendered and well received. On Wednesday, Miss Lida Standing gave an excellent talk on "Lord Nelson and his Service in the British Navy.' The talks at the opening exercises this year have all been spirited and much enjoyed.

VOL. XIII. FRIDAY, October 15, 1897 NUMBER 1
On Tuesday, at the opening exercises of school, Miss Simmons sang in excellent voice "The Dove" by Arciti, and was accompanied on the piano by Mrs. Sawyer and by James Wheelock, on his clarinet.

VOL. XIII. FRIDAY, October 29, 1897 NUMBER 3
The Minnehaha Glee Club is the name the singers, who have chosen Miss Simmons for leader, have given themselves.

VOL. XIII. FRIDAY, November 12, 1897 NUMBER 5
Capt. Pratt, Mrs. Pratt, Miss Burgess, Miss Senseney, Miss Barclay, Miss Seonia, Miss Simmons, Mr. Snyder, Mr. St. Cyr, and the Wheelock Bros. took in the game Saturday.

VOL. XIII. FRIDAY, December 24, 1897 NUMBER 11
The school entertainment on last Monday evening was a sort of Christmas event. The stage trimmings, with quaint fire-place in which was a glowing fire and hanging kettle added to the picturesqueness of the scene. The programs, with "A Merry Christmas," printed in brilliant red, was the first reminder of what was coming. On the outside page was a stanza from Milton's Hymn to the Nativity. The singing by the entire school received more than usual applause from the faculty. Spring Time waltz, accompanied by clarinet, violin and piano was sung with very pleasing effect. Didn't little Agnes White speak well and loud? Frank Cayou's solo pleased everybody and he was obliged to respond with an encore. Miss Cochran's pupils did themselves proud in the scene from Dickens' "Christmas Carol." Oscar Davis spoke remarkably well. "Somebody's Mother,' stood vividly out to view when he was through. The sparkling little piano solo "Spring Carol," by Edythe Pierce enlivened all, and the double quartette, deserves special mention. Miss Simmons', James Flannery's and J. Wheelock's voices being specially conspicuous, while all blended beautifully. "The Poet's Calendar," by pupils from 5, 6, and 7 in costume representing the months of the year was well done. Theodora Davis quite captured the audience in her very natural message to Santa Claus through the Telephone. "Primitive Life in New York," adapted from Irving's Knickerbocker History of New York was good, but perhaps the best thing of the evening was Fannie Harris as Mrs. Ruggles preparing her nine "young'uns" for the Christmas Dinner, taken from Kate Douglas Wiggins' "Bird's Christmas Carol." The evening was delightful throughout. The band did its part and was enjoyed as it always is. The pupils from the lower grades, Maude Murphy, No. 1, and Julio Romero, No. 3 deserve mention for the efforts made.

VOL. XIII. FRIDAY, January 21, 1898 NUMBER 14
One of the most interesting hours the Man-on-the-band-stand has spent for many a day was in No. 6, last Thursday evening when Miss Simmons in the chair, conducted a debate between her morning and afternoon schools upon the subject of whether or not the treatment of the Indians by the early settlers caused King Philip to make war. There was a degree of life manifested on the part of the speakers in gaining the floor, that was refreshing, and arguments pro and con that would have done credit to the higher grades. Mr. Dennison Wheelock, Miss Wilson and Miss Burgess were appointed judges and decided that the best argument was on the negative side. Those who had the most to say were Lewis Curtis, John Morris, and Arthur Degray, on the affirmative, and Frank Bender, Tommy Griffin, John Jessan, Minnie Reed and Evaline Hammer, on the negative.

VOL. XIII. FRIDAY, February 4, 1898 NUMBER 16
It was a pleasant change to peep in for a moment at the art work, going on in No. 5--Miss Carter's room. Art teacher, Miss Forster, was directing, individually, the drawing and painting of some pretty initial letters, while a part of the class was a reproducing a squash placed before them for a model. We arrived at No. 6 door just as Miss Simmons' pupils were passing out to Assembly Hall to take a lesson in singing. When asked to sum up the difficulties of her room in one word, she said "Language."

VOL. XIII. FRIDAY, February 25, 1898 NUMBER 19
A surprise was tendered Miss Simmons last Tuesday evening in the Teachers' parlor. She celebrates the 22nd, as the anniversary of her birth, and Miss Seonia had quietly invited to the parlor a host of Miss Simmons friends, who joined in laughter, song, games and other merriment. Soon after the delicious cream and cake were served and a few more pleasantries enjoyed the company dispersed, each feeling that it was good to have been there.

VOL. XIII. FRIDAY, April 1, 1898 NUMBER 24
Miss Simmons and her class of girls made a tour through the shops on Wednesday.

VOL. XIII. FRIDAY, June 3, 1898 NUMBER 33
Miss Simmons gave a very select reading, entitled, "The Blue and the Gray."

VOL. XIII. FRIDAY, June 17, 1898 NUMBER 35
Miss Simmons has taken Miss Peter's place in school, this month and Miss Paull is in the Normal Room, while Miss Bowersox is doing library work.

VOL. XIII. FRIDAY, July 1, 1898 NUMBER 37
Miss Simmons intends remaining most of the summer at Carlisle, and will take violin lessons under Prof. Taube of Harrisburg. He is a Leipsic graduate.

VOL. XIII. FRIDAY, August 12, 1898 NUMBER 43
Miss Simmons is spending a part of her vacation in New York City a guest of the artist Mrs. Kasebier.

VOL. XIII. FRIDAY, September 2, 1898 NUMBER 46
Misses Carter, Bowersox, Robertson, Peter, and Simmons came on Monday. VOL. XIV. FRIDAY, October 21, 1898 NUMBER 1
Mr. F.W. Kasebier, 201st Regiment N.Y. was Miss Simmon's guest on Thursday evening. Mr. Kasebier's mother is the artist at whose lovely home in New York City, Miss Simmons was a guest for a few weeks this summer.

VOL. XIV. FRIDAY, January 6, 1899 NUMBER 11
Miss Newcomer, of Kansas, is the late Civil Service appointee. Miss Paull has taken Miss Simmons' school and Miss Newcomer has No. 2. Miss Simmons has gone to Boston to take special musical training. In her life as a teacher with us she has made a host of friends who wish her the greatest success in her new field. Miss Simmons has musical talent, and no doubt will make her mark in the world as a violinist. It will be remembered that Miss Simmons is a Sioux Indian maiden who has worked her way through school and partly through college, having attained prominence in her college life at Earlham College, Indiana.

VOL. XIV. FRIDAY, January 20, 1899 NUMBER 13
Mr. Sowerby and Mr. J. Wheelock will attend the Invincibles this evening. Mr. Blackbear and some one in Miss Simmons' place the Standards, and Mr. Snyder and Mr. St. Cyr the Susans.

VOL. XIV. FRIDAY, April 28, 1899 NUMBER 27
Thomas Marshall. One of the saddest duties that has come to us as a recorder of the historical events at the school is that of telling our readers of the sad death of student Thomas P. Marshall. Thomas was a Sioux from Pine Ridge agency, S. Dakota, where a mother, brothers and sisters, and a step-father, a deacon in the Episcopal Church, reside. Four years ago, last Fall, Thomas came to us from the Friends' White's Institute, Indian, which had been engaged successfully many years in educating young Indians. He at once entered Dickinson College Preparatory Department, and had advanced to the Junior class in the college proper. It would be impossible to overstate the excellence of Thomas Marshall's character and influence as shown both in Dickinson College and in the Indian School. Tributes and testimonials from his Professor in the college and the President, of his superior character, are unstinted. A memorial service presided over by President Reed and attended by the Professors and students of the College, addressed by President Reed, Rev. McMillan and others was held in Bosler Memorial hall at the college on Wednesday morning. Later there will be a service of the same kind, here at the school. Every year since coming to Carlisle, Thomas was elected by the Young Men's Christian Association to take charge of the delegation to Mr. Moody's Northfield Conference. As the Assistant of Mrs. Given in charge of the small boys, and as a leader in every good movement in the societies and general work of the school, Thomas was without a peer among our students. He never failed in any duty and always happily led when occasion offered. He received letters from home, telling of the sickness and death of a brother and sister of "Malignant Measles." Nothing of the kind had appeared anywhere in this vicinity. He was taken ill, and in view of what had occurred at his home he was at once isolated in the hospital. The disease baffled the greatest skill of the physician and the tenderest care of the skillful nurse, and relentlessly centered in his face, and the brain, and finally on his lungs. He was unconscious for about twenty hours before he died, which was at midnight on Sunday last. The life of one most promising and unselfish as well as most dear to a loving family and to a wide circle of friends is thus inscrutably taken.

A large and beautiful wreath of white roses from Miss Gertrude Simmons [Zitkala Sa] of Boston, to whom Thomas Marshall was engaged to be married, was received by Mrs. Cook, to be placed on his grave. Miss Simmons has the sympathy of her friends at Carlisle, in this her great bereavement.

Owing to the death of Thomas Marshall, Major Pratt issued orders strictly quarantining all the pupils and employees within the limits of the school reservation. At this writing no other malignant cases have appeared.

Thomas Marshall's case was sporadic and there seems no danger of the disease spreading so great is the vigilance and so strict the quarantine order. Everything that was in his room was burned and the room thoroughly fumigated. It was a room that Miss Barr had held as a spare room, in the closet of which she had her best clothing. Everything in the closet was burned even to her silk dress and a new and stylish garment she had recently purchased.


VOL. XIV. FRIDAY, May 5, 1899 NUMBER 28
TO THE INDIAN HELPER: In her deep sorrow, Miss Gertrude Simmons wishes to express gratitude for the sympathy extended to her through the HELPER and also through personal letters. There is no reconciliation for the loss of so pure and noble a life-force, only in the thought that Mr. Marshall has gained "that purest heaven." -May 2nd, Boston.

VOL. XV. FRIDAY, February 2, 1900 NUMBER 14
The people's eyes whom Zitkala Sa alludes to in her Atlantic Monthly article might be called a pair of stares.

February 1900 RED MAN
"School Days of an Indian Girl"


VOL. XV. FRIDAY, March 9, 1900 NUMBER 19
The lecture on Lincoln before the Literary Societies, Tuesday evening, March 13th, is to be delivered by Rev. Dr. Melancthohn Woolsey Stryker, President of Hamilton College. Dr. Stryker was specially selected by the War Department to deliver the memorial eulogy at General Lawton's funeral before the President, Cabinet and many of the most distinguished officials and citizens of this and other countries. Dr. Stryker's oratorical powers are of the highest order, and this lecture promises to be one of the finest ever delivered in Carlisle. The lecture will begin at 8 o'clock, but to make the evening still more interesting the exercises will begin at 7:30 o'clock, the half hour preceding the lecture being filled with music by the School Band, Glee Club and by a violin solo from Miss Zitkala Sa. The price of admission will be 25 cents. The people of the town, by buying tickets at either Mr. Means' or Mr. Piper's Bookstores and paying 30 cents therefore, will get trolley tickets to and from the School. No reserved seats.

Miss Gertrude Simmons widely known by her Dakota name - Zitkala Sa, is with us, and will remain until the Band starts on its tour, when she will go along as violin soloist. She is looking well and says that the people of Boston have treated her well.

VOL. XV. FRIDAY, March 23, 1900 NUMBER 21
Zitkala Sa's rendition of "The Famine" from Hiawatha, at the Memorial Association in Washington, last Friday took the audience by storm. "The recitation was a magnificent effort, and the young girl was most enthusiastically applauded," says the Star. The Post says "she recited in a very capable manner. She was enthusiastically applauded and was compelled to return to the stage to bow her acknowledgements. At the conclusion of the program she was taken among the audience and introduced to Miss Longfellow, the poet's daughter."

Mrs. Cook goes with the Band as a chaperon for Zitkala Sa.

On Saturday last, the Band boys were the invited guests of the President of the United States to play at the White House, Mrs. McKinley selecting the numbers rendered. The latter was delighted with the music, and spoke in high praise of the performers. At the same time Miss Zitkala Sa, recited for Mrs. McKinley, and received from her hands a large bunch of beautiful English violets, which she prizes very highly.

On Wednesday evening, the usual "class meeting" as Major Pratt calls them was held. Most of the inspiring speeches by distinguished visitors made at this meeting are quite fully reported for the Red Man. There was a large crowd present and the occasion was one long to be remembered. It was at this meeting that Zitkala Sa recited the famine scene in Hiawatha, surprising her audience with an artistic rendition that was delightful to hear. A Dakota girl, in Dakota costume of beaded and fringed buckskin, with her long black locks combed very smoothly over the ears and braided in 2 braids, she was decidedly picturesque and typical in style, and the recital from start to finish would have satisfied Longfellow's highest ideal of native grace and eloquence.


VOL. XV. FRIDAY, March 30, 1900 NUMBER 22
OUR BAND ON THE ROAD.

One who is travelling with the band has promised to keep the readers of the HELPER informed of some of their doings on the road.
Fifty-three members of the Band with Dr. Montezuma, of Chicago, as care-taker and health-keeper of the crowd, and Mrs. Cook at chaperon for Zitkala Sa, and J. Quincy Eaton as treasurer, left last Friday morning, giving their first concert in Philadelphia. One whose nom-de-plume will be known as Xena, writes thus:
DEAR MAN-ON-THE-BAND-STAND:
Now that we are so far away that even your eagle eye can not rest on the Band-standers we begin to realize our distance and hasten to send you our loyal greetings, for no matter how far we may go or what fortunes are ours we started from THE Band Stand!
Less than a week has passed since we last saw you, but already we feel at home on "the road" and only wish you might sometime join us, if only to see how we take the fun that comes to us and how bravely we meet any adverse conditions.
Philadelphia showed us its "brotherly love" in the enthusiasm of the audience.
Our arrival in Trenton was a bit disturbed by the mistaken notions of our advanced guard in conjunction with our would-be "mine-host." Cots galore were found sardined into 9x10 rooms, and when one of them boasted a sheet it proved a strip of unbleached muslin without the grace of a hem.
Our capable manager soon set matters straight, gave the command "Right-about face!" and found comfortable quarters elsewhere. We think he was most strongly moved thereto by Dickie who sat on his cot in a hallway and declaimed "Behold Me! I have no room today!"
A good audience greeted our matinee, and tickets are selling well for Tuesday night.
The evening proved the old saying false, for our prophets found honor in their own country, and all Bucks County turned out for the Bristol concert to show their regard for the boys from Carlisle.
They entered into the concert, heart and soul, and we played our best for them.
The local agent strongly urges us to come again and he will give us a packed house.
We are proud of ourselves for your sake. We are proud of our Minnehaha who takes each audience by storm and holds it breathless till she chooses to release it. Her rendering of the pathos and beauty and truth of Longfellow's lines is a revelation to her hearers, while her violin wins all hearts.
We are proud of our Calm Director who is not even thrown off his base when his remarkable versatility as the ex-captain of the football team is remarked upon.
Some day we may tell you of the Ancient Israelite, who "Stood on the STAIRS at midnight;" of the Somnambulist who nearly gave his bed fellows each a black eye and of the Lucky Sioux, the universal favorite.
These are a few of your devoted Band Standers who send faithful remembrance by the hand of XENA.

What the Papers Say.
The Band does not come as Indians might be expected and permitted to do, with a repertoire of little easy waltzes and marches that any children might learn to play in time, but they come with "Semiramide" and with "Bohemian Girl," "Il Trovatore" and "Lohengrin."
It was not alone in ensemble that the Band made a good impression but there were soloists that ranked high as musicians of soul and execution.
-[Trenton Daily Gazette.

The Trenton Times says: It may be strictly in order to say that all of these young men are Americans - there can be no doubt about that, and there can be no more remarkable entertainment than that given yesterday afternoon at Association Hall by the Carlisle Indian School Band. Other bands have played in this city but none ever made such an impression on those who heard it as did this band of young Indians. It would have been a grand musical feast aside from any special features but with those features it stands alone as an extraordinary and unique entertainment. The wonder of the whole thing is how all of these young men - and some of them are but boys - have been taught to play such music.
Perfect harmony, precision of movement and delicacy of expression prevailed throughout, and one could scarcely believe that it was the performance of descendants of the aborigines that one was hearing. -[Trenton True American.
Any criticism of the concert that failed to take note of the wonderful performance by Zitkala Sa, a charming young Indian woman who must have surprised everybody with the power of her declamatory force would be incomplete. Her recitation was "The Famine" from Hiawatha. Her beginning scarce kept the attention. She warmed and as the lines called for the exposition of the passions the young girl's dramatic power grew till it became marvelous. She held every ear and the recourse frequently to handkerchiefs told how great an effect she was exerting over her audience. She was applauded to the echo.
-[Trenton Daily Gazette.

Their tone is especially mellow and pleasing and even in the crescendo passages developed none of the brassy harshness often heard in bands of the kind. Zitkala Sa recited with much feeling and decided elocutionary ability the "Famine," from Hiawatha.
-[Phila. Evening Bulletin.

The admirable execution of these young artists, the precision of their work which, is at all times marked by enthusiasms and spirit, caused every one of the dozen or more numbers on the well-chosen program to be encored, and the high character of the Band's work is indicated by their high grade selections.
-[Phila Times.

The performance was a very praiseworthy one, the organization showing the beneficial effects of careful preparation and drill, while individually considerable skill and musical ability was displayed.
-[Phila. Record.


VOL. XV. FRIDAY, June 15, 1900 NUMBER 33
Zitkala Sa is spending the summer with her mother in South Dakota. An editorial on her Atlantic Monthly articles which appeared in the Word Carrier will be reprinted in the June Red Man.

VOL. XV. No.4. / JANUARY 1899 RED MAN AND HELPER
Miss Gertrude Simmons, a Sioux maiden, who has received a partial college education and for the past two years has been a teacher with us, left at the beginning of this year for Boston, where she will take a special course in the Conservatory of Music, her special line of study being the violin.

VOL. VI. No. 3. / JUNE 1900 RED MAN
ZITKALA SA IN THE ATLANTIC MONTHLY.
Andrew Lang concludes from his study of their legends that our Indians have little original imagination. We would like to know his opinion after reading Zitkala Sa's articles in the Atlantic Monthly. They certainly show considerable power of imagination. They are exceedingly well written and highly praiseworthy as realistic word paintings. Some may have eagerly hoped that in these experiences of an Indian girl we would now have the material for a new psychological study. But many of the incidents are purely fictitious and often the situaion is dramatically arranged to produce the desired effect. There is the conventional berating of "the paleface who has stolen our lands and driven us hither." And our hearts swell with indignation as we see these unfortunates driven like a herd of buffalo many days and nights, while with every step the sick sister shrieks with the painful jar, until at last, when they reach the far western country, on the first weary night she dies. It will relieve the sympathetic tension to remember that this is simply dramatic fiction.
The same is undoubtedly true of the climactic scene when her mother discovers a new fire in the bluffs across the river where white settlers have made homes. When she exclaims, "Well, my daughter, there is the light of another white rascal, springs to her feet beside her wigwam and raising her right arm forcibly into line with her eye shoots out her doubled fist vehemently at the strangers with a curse upon them.
We may however expect to gain some information regarding the true inwardness of Indian schools and the character of those who teach them. But here too her portraits are either so exaggerated as to be untrue or are pure inventions. From the broad brimmed Quaker "missionaries" and the pale-face woman teacher with the cold gray eyes and gnawed pencil to the leather tanned stage driver with blurred and blood-shot blue eyes, she finds no one for whom she has any other sentiments than contempt and disgust.
There is one remaining field of study for which we have enough material and of a genuine character, that is Zitkala Sa herself. By her own showing she is a person of infinite conceit. She is insulted because a pale-face woman catches her up in her arms and tosses her in the air; she is outraged because a loud breakfast bell sends its metallic voice crashing into her sensitive ears. Nothing is good enough for her. Her small carpeted room, with neat white bed she calls a ghastly white walled prison. She is passionate and ill-tempered from a child, when she chases her own shadow with set teeth and clenched fists; or when a little older she is dragged out from under a bed kicking and scratching wildly. She carries the same temper into mature age when her enraged spirit feels like burning the Bible her mother has brought for her comfort. She is utterly unthankful for all that has been done for her by the pale faces, which in her case is considerable.
It would be doing injustice to the Indian race whose blood she partly shares to accept the picture she has drawn of herself as the true picture of all Indian girls. They average far better.
-[Word Carrier.


VOL. XVI. No. 13./ FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1900 / CONSOLIDATED VOL. 1, NO. 10

HUNT FOR THE SOUTH SIDE!

There are people like Zitkala Sa, in her Atlantic Monthly articles a few months ago, who always insist upon sitting on the cold side of a hill. They have all sorts of experiences in life, happy as well as dull, but the remembrance of gloomy scenes and the dark pictures in life is alone retained.
Those who make light of small trials and push them aside that sunshine and cheer may enter are the people who make the world worth living in.
There is enough gloom in life as we go along from day to day, without treasuring up disagreeable experiences of the past.
The following from Forward has a lesson in it for us all:
"May I come in, dear?" called the girl's bright voice.
"Pull the bobbin and the latch will fly up," was the merry answer.
The girl pushed open the door and ran across the room to the bed.
Nobody could have guessed the pain and the wearisome plaster cast from the cheery voice; still less could one have guessed that the need to earn made the weeks of pain still harder to bear.
These things the woman lying there told to her God, never to her guests.
"The very last," she declared. "I hunted and hunted!"
"Are you sure?" her friend asked quickly. "I've always found them later than this every year. Did you go over to the south side of the hill?"
"No," the girl confessed laughingly, "I believe that I looked on every side but that. I'll go straight back and hunt again."
Twenty minutes later she returned laden with autumn bloom.
"You were right," she said. "I had no idea that the south side made such a difference. The slope was half covered with the most beautiful blossoms, so big and deep colored. I'm going to put them in the pitcher beside you, so that you can reach your hands down deep into autumn and pretend you're picking them yourself."
"Then," her friend returned, "I should have to give up the memory of somebody who picked them for me."
The girl stopped her pretty work.
"Now I understand the difference," she said slowly. "You insist that you are living on the south side of life, and that you are getting every bit of sunshine there is, while most of us deliberately go and sit on the north side, and grumble because it is cold. Never mind, I've caught your secret now, and I'm going to sit in the sun. Then maybe I'll blossom."
The white face in the bed smiled.
"And the best of it all is that there always is a south side," she answered," the sun's side, and God's."


VOL../ FRIDAY, JUNE 13, 1902

A FORMER HASKELL BOY.
Raymond T. Bonnin and Miss Gertrude Simmons, both of Yankton Agency, were married at the home of Mr. and Mrs. E. H. Benedict in this city on Saturday afternoon, May 10, 1902. The Tribune is pleased to make a few comments upon this marriage from the fact that the bride is a full blooded Sioux whose Indian name is ”Zitkala-Sa,“ which means Red Bird. After receiving a common school education at Yankton Agency she was sent to Carlisle College, where she remained two years and where she developed great musical and literary talents to such an extent that she was sent to the Boston Conservatory of Music and was selected to accompany a musical troupe to the Paris exposition in 1900. The rare talent show both on the violin and piano brought forth many flattering comments from the leading magazines and newspapers, both at home and abroad. Upon her return she made a tour of the principle cities of the East, not only as an accomplished musician but as an author of esteemed merit. One of her productions entitled “Indian Legends” has commended itself to the reading public to the extent that the publishers are having a great demand for her works. She is also a contributor to some of the leading magazines at the present time. The groom is the grandson of the old French trader, Picotte, one of the first traders to come up the Missouri River to Yankton Agency and points above and into who married one of the Yankton Sioux Tribe. His family were all educated at the Standing Rock Reservation, South of St. Louis and they and their children are among the foremost of the Yankton tribe in civilized attainments. This is considered a marriage in high life among their people, as both of the contracting parties are proud of their aboriginal blood, and especially of their rapid acquirement of the educational skill of the Caucasian race so rapidly adopted by them. Her Indian friends may well feel proud, without being egotistical, at the marvelous advancement made of a full-blood of their race who left her native home encumbered with that legacy of native habits and who within a few short years mastered the English language to the extent that she rivals in literature some of the leading authors of America, and whose quaint productions are equal to those of Kipling. -[Tyndall (S. D.) Tribune.]

Bibliography

Bonnin, G.S. Old Indian Legends, Retold by Zitkala-Sa(Boston: Ginn & Co., 1929).

Bonnin, G.S. "Heart to Heart Talk." California Indian Herald 2 (1924): 2-3.

Bonnin, G.S.F.C.H.S.M.K. Oklahoma's Poor Rich Indians, an Orgy of Graft and Exploitation of the Five Civilized Tribes, Legalized Robbery(Philadelphia: Office fo the Indian Rights Association, 1924).

Bonnin, G.S. "The California Indians of Today." California Indian Herald 1 (1923): 10.

Bonnin, G.S. "Lost Treaties of the California Indians." California Indian Herald 1 (1923): 7.

Bonnin, G.S. "California Indian Trails and Prayer Trees, Chapter I." California Indian Herald 1 (1923): 6.

Bonnin, G.S. "An Indian Praying on the Hilltop." American Indian Advocate 4 (1922): 1.

Bonnin, G.S. "America's Indian Problem." Edict 2 (1921): 1-2.

Bonnin, G.S. American Indian Stories(Washington, DC: Hayworth, 1921).

Bonnin, G.S. "The Coronation of Chief Powhatan Retold." American Indian Magazine 6 (1919): 179-180.

Bonnin, G.S. "America, Home of the Red Man." American Indian Magazine 6 (1919): 165-167.

Bonnin, G.S. "Indian Gifts to Civilized Man." Tomahawk (1919).

Bonnin, G.S. "Editorial Comment." American Indian Magazine 7 (1919): 5-9.

Bonnin, G.S. "Indian Gifts to Civilized Man." Indian Sentinel 1, no. 13-14 (1918).

Bonnin, G.S. "Editorial Comment." American Indian Magazine 6 (1918): 115-116.

Bonnin, G.S. "Chipeta, Widow of Chief Ouray." American Indian Magazine 5 (1917): 168-170.

Bonnin, G.S. "The Red Man's America." American Indian Magazine (1917).

Bonnin, G.S. "Mrs. Bonnin Speaks." Tomahawk (1917).

Bonnin, G.S. "A Sioux Woman's Love for Her Grandchild." American Indian Magazine 5 (1917): 230-231.

Bonnin, G.S. "The Indian's Awakening." American Indian Magazine 4 (1916): 307-310.

Bonnin, G.S. "A Year's Experience in Community Service Work Among the Ute Tribe of Indians." American Indian Magazine 4 (1916): 307-310.

Bonnin, E. "An Indian Thanksgiving." Indian Leader (1909).

Bonnin, G.S. Old Indian Legends, Retold by Zitkala-Sa(Boston: Ginn & Co., 1904).

Bonnin, G.S. "Shooting of the Red Eagle." Indian Leader (1904).

Bonnin, G.S. "A Plea for the Indian Dance." Word Carrier of Santee Normal Training School 31 (1902): 2.

Bonnin, G.S. Old Indian Legends, Retold by Zitkala-Sa(Boston and London: Ginn & Co., 1902).

Bonnin, G.S. "Iya, the Camp-Eater, from "Old Indian Legends"." Twin Territories 4 (1902): 274-276.

Bonnin, G.S. "Why I am a Pagan." Atlantic 90 (1902): 801-803.

Bonnin, G.S. "[The Indian Dance]." Red Man and Helper (1902).

Bonnin, G.S. "Warrior's Daughter." Everybody's 6 (1902): 346.

Bonnin, G.S. "Soft-Hearted Sioux." Harper's 102 (1901): 505-508.

Bonnin, G.S. "Trial Path: An Indian Romance." Harper's 103 (1901): 741-744.

Bonnin, G.S. Old Indian Legends, Retold by Zitkala-Sa; With Illustrations by Angel de Cora (Hinook-Mahiwi-Kilinaka)(Boston: Ginn & Company, 1901).

Bonnin, G.S. "Impressions of an Indian Childhood." Atlantic 85 (1900): 37-47.

Bonnin, G.S. "School Days of an Indian Girl." Atlantic 85 (1900): 185-194.

Bonnin, G.S. "An Indian Teacher Among Indians." Atlantic 85 (1900): 381-386.

10/10/2019

"Tied up in bags"

Transcribed from an early Carlisle Indian Industrial School Publication:

One night, soon after retiring, about ten of our small boys, thinking they would have some fun, ripped the seams in their night shirts. The next morning they did not think it was so funny when they had to repair the torn garments, and they did not feel so funny either when the following evening they were carried tied up in bags to their beds. -The Morning Star, IV:8. March 1884, page 3.

9/25/2019

Outing Contract, revised Dec 8, 1900

OUTING RULES
To Govern Carlisle Indian School Students and our Patrons.

Pupils are placed in families to learn English and the customs of civilized life.

1. Pupils must attend Church and Sabbath School regularly. Pupils of a certain denomination are placed with patrons of the same denomination when practicable. When Catholic pupils are placed with non-Cathoic patrons we are first assured that a Catholic Church is accessible. Non-Catholic patrons will in no way interfere with or forbid the attendance of Catholic pupils at the customary services of their church, such as Mass, Vespers and Sunday School. Patrons will adopt such measures and exercise such judicious authority as is necessary to facilitate the practice, by pupils, of their religion according to the tenets of their church. Failure by patrons to comply with these requirements, or attempts to proselytize will be deemed sufficient cause to justify the recall of pupils.

2. Absence without permission of patrons is not allowed, and being out evenings or away on social excursions Sundays, should be discouraged. Pupils should not go to Philadelphia nor to public parks unless accompanied by a member of the family or other responsible person.

3. Patrons or others must not hire pupils, nor are pupils to exchange places unless authorized by us.

4. Except when authorized pupils are not to return or be returned to the school before their outing agreement expires.

5. The use of tobacco and spiritous liquors in any form is forbidden. This and any other offence against good habits, the patron must report at the time.

6. When out for the winter pupils must attend school at least 100 days continuously, beginning not later than November 11, working out of school hours for their board, care and washing, unless otherwise agreed upon. Pupils are not to be kept out of school half days or detained in the mornings, but they must be punctual and regular in their attendance, and must study at home if necessary when their chores are done.

7. Pupils must bathe at least once a week.

8. It is the aim to send pupils out with a full equipment of clothing. Patrons will see that pupils take proper care of the same, and especially of their best uniform suits, dresses and other clothing, both as a matter of training and so that requests for additional clothing may be avoided during the periond out.

9. Monthly reports must show any violation of these rules, to fully, accurately and truthfully made out, signed by patrons and pupils and sent to the school the last day of each month. Pupils home letters, in all cases, must accompany the reports.

10. Patrons must not give pupils more than one half their earnings, and should encourage them to save more than the required one half. If they spend one half whle they are earning they have none to spend during school attendance, as one half must remain on the books of the school until their period of enrollment has expired. Pupils must give patrons receipts for all money given them, patrons to send such receipts to the School with each monthly report. The School will supply blank receipts, instead of request papers.

11. A record of all money transactions is kept at the School, and if patrons allow pupils to spend more than one half their earnings, the excess cannot be counted as part pay, but will be the patrons' loss.

12. Patrons are to pay one half the cost of railroad tickets, the other half, the pupil pays, and is to be counted as expenditure in calculating the one half allowance, and no monehy should be given pupils until the tickets are paid for. Pupils are well fitted out on leaving the school and will not need money the first month. Pupils on reaching their country homes, will at once give their return tickets to patons, who will forward them to the school promptly.

Patrons and pupils should carefully read these rules.We wlil not place pupils nor continue relations with patrons who will not in good faith subscribe to, and comply with their requirements.
These rules cancell all previous ones. December 8, 1900

Superintendant signature


I will obey the above I will comply and enforce the above

________________________ ______________________________________
Pupil Patron

Carlisle, Pa ___________________ 19 ____________________________________, 19

NOTE: Three copies of this will be signed by all parties concerned, one copy to remain on file in the Superintendent's office, one to go to patron, one to pupil.

9/06/2019

Tuscarora Students Enrolled at the Carlisle Indian Industrial School, 1879-1918

99 Carlisle Indian School students enrolled as "Tuscarora" according to documents found at NARA and CCHS. Below are surnames and family/guardian/home addresses found in the records. For information about these students, please visit the Carlisle Indian School Digital Resource Center.
Anderson, Madella   /   Elvira Anderson, Lewiston Ny
Anderson, Melissa   /   Elvira Anderson, Lewistown N
Anderson, Robert   /   Mrs Elvira Anderson, Lewiston, Ny
Bissel, Hattie   /   Joe Bissel
Bissell, Harry   /   Elias Bissel, Sanborn Ny
Bissell, Lemuel   /   Lewistown Ny
Chew, Delia   /   Harley Chew, Niagra Falls Ny
Chew, Garfield   /  
Chew, George   /   Harley Chew, Sanborn, Ny
Chew, John H   /  
Chew, Matilda   /   Harley Chew, Sanborn
Cusick, Agnes   /   James Cusick, Writes To Mother: Mrs Eliz Cusick
Cusick, Charles   /   Mrs Elizabeth Cusick
Cusick, Enos   /   C. Wilkins Cusick, Lewiston
Cusick, Wilson   /  
Cusick,Wilkins   /   C. Wilkins Cusick, Lewiston, Ny
Doctor, Chauncey   /   Mrs Emily P Lincoln, Lewistown Ny
Durrin, Sherman   /   C. Henry Durrin, Lake George Ny; Bolton Landing Ny
Gansworth, Alberta   /   John Gansworth, Sanborn
Gansworth, Howard   /   John Gansworth
Gansworth, Leander N   /   John Gansworth
Gansworth, Willard   /   John Gansworth, Jr
Garlow, Alex   /   C. Alex Garlow, Suspension Bridge, Niagara Co, Ny
Garlow, Alice Verona   /   Martha Garlow, Modeltown Ny
Garlow, Claude   /   John Garlow, Lewistown, Ny
Garlow, Emmeline   /   Suspension Bridge
Garlow, James   /   C. Martha Garlow (Mother), Model City, Ny
Garlow, Theodore   /   Mrs Martha Garlow, Model City, Ny
Garlow, William   /   John Garlow, Lewiston Ny
Green, Leander   /   William H Patterson
Green, Thomas   /   Mrs Hannah Green
Greene, Mary   /   Mrs Minne Greene, Lewiston, Ny
Henry, Bertha May   /   Sanborn, Ny
Henry, Elmer   /   Annie Hil, Hartford, Ont
Henry, Lester   /   C. Noah Henry, Sanborn, Ny
Henry, Lillian   /   Mrs Amelia Henry, Lewistown Ny
Henry, Noah   /   Eli Henry, Sanborn, Ny
Henry, Timothy   /   Noah Henry
Hewitt, Amelaia   /   C/ Alvis D Hewitt, Lewiston Ny Grand River
Hewitt, Freemont   /  
Hill, Clement   /   Jacob Hill, Sanborn Ny
Hill, Edith   /   John Hill
Hill, Robert   /   C. Annie Hill, Lewiston Ny
Jack, Warren D   /   C. Anderson C Jack, Lewiston Ny
Jacobs, Frances B   /   Caroline Jacobs, Lewiston Ny
Jamison, Emma   /   Jesse Jamison
Johnson, Alida   /   Ely Johnson
Johnson, Dennis   /   C. David Williams
Johnson, Enos   /   Enos Johnson, Father; Wh Patterson Gdn
Johnson, Frances E   /   Eliz Johnson, 1352 Ridge Ave, Phila
Johnson, Frank   /  
Johnson, Matthew   /   C. Wm Johnson
Johnson, Nellis A   /   Mr Elais Johnson, Lewiston, Ny Gdn And Grandfather
Johnson, Stanley   /   C. Elias Johnson, Lewiston, Ny
Johnson, Wilkerson   /  
Jonathan, Eddie   /   C. John Johnathan
Jonson, Lewis   /  
Miller,Clara   /   Ny Moses Miller (Musican)
Mt Pleasant, Edison   /   Frank Mt Pleasant, Sanborn Ny
Mt Pleasant, Frank   /  
Mt Pleasant, Mamie   /   Frank Mt Pleasant, Lewiston Ny
Mt Pleasant, Nelson   /   C. Mrs Lucy E Johnson, Lewiston, Ny
Mt Pleasant, William   /   Frank Mt Plesant Rev Frank Mt Plesant, Sanborn
Patterson, Asa   /   C. Hd Patterson
Patterson, Emmeline   /   Cornelius Patterson, Chicago IL
Patterson, Flora   /   Ny
Patterson, Guy   /   C. George Patterson
Patterson, Homer   /  
Patterson, Katherine Leah   /   Hd Patterson
Patterson, Moses   /   C. William H Patterson, Sanborn, Ny
Patterson, Rachel   /  
Pembleton, Enoch   /   Mrs Rose Chew, Lewiston NY
Peters, Wilbur   /   Jeremiah Peters, Pekin Ny, Niagara Co
Printup, Alta   /   Mrs Leah Printup, Lewiston Ny
Printup, Alvin   /   C. Moses Printup, Sanborn, Ny
Printup, Chester Amos   /   Eleazer H Printup, Sanbron Ny
Printup, Daniel   /   C/ Daniel Printup
Printup, Harrison   /   C. Daniel Printup
Printup, Jessie N   /   Eleazer Pirntup,, Sanborn Ny
Printup, Jonathan   /   C. Charles Printup, Sanborn, Ny
Printup, Lafayette   /   C. Layfayette Printup
Printup, Louver [Levere ]   /   C. Lafayetter Printup, Sanborn NY
Richard, Fred   /   C. Frederick Richard
Rickard, Edgar   /   George Rickard, Pekin Ny
Rickard, Grace Irene   /   Lewistown
Smith, Arthur   /   Edith Sage, Lewiston, Ny
Smith, Daniel   /   Elias Smith, Lewiston
Smith, Edith   /  
Smith,Spencer   /   C. Amos Smith, Suspension Bridge NY
Sylvester, Hebert   /   C. Noah Sylvester, Akron Ny
Sylvester, Oscar   /   C. Noah Sylvester, Perkin Ny
Thompson, Linnie Laura   /   Simon Andrew Thompson, Sanborn NY
Thompson, Melissa   /   Jos And Jennie Thompson, Uncle And Aunt
Williams, Cinderalla   /   Lucerus Williams, Pekin Ny
Williams, Eleazar   /   C. Thomas Williams,
Williams, Elizabeth Lizzie   /  
Williams, Hattie   /   Sanborn Ny
Williams, Hayes   /   C. Adam Williams
Williams, Theodore   /   C. Thomas Williams, Pekin Ny

Onondaga Students Enrolled at the Carlisle Indian Industrial School, 1879-1918

126 Carlisle Indian School students enrolled as "Onondaga" according to documents found at NARA and CCHS. Below are surnames and family/guardian/home addresses found in the records. For information about these students, please visit the Carlisle Indian School Digital Resource Center.


Brown, Joseph   /  C/ Agustus Brown, Onondaga Castle
Blackchief, Anna   /  Herman Blackchief, Onondaga Castle,, Ny
Brown, Lyman   /  C/ Agustus Brown Onondaga Castle
Bucktooth, Clayton   /  Lydia Bucktooth, Syracuse, Ny
Bucktooth, Flora   /  Lydia Bucktooth, Syracuse Ny
Carpenter, Daniel   /  Jos Carpenter, Syracuse, Ny
Carpenter, Sarah   /  C. Nancy Griffin, Onondaga Castle Ny
Cook, Alllison L   /  Louis Cook, Onondaga, Ny
Cook, Senecaclark   /  C/ Louis Cook (Mrs EG Pierce, Syracuse Ny)
Cooke, Esther A   /  C. Ida Cooke, Onondaga Valley
Cooke, Lois   /  Mrs EG Pierce, Syracuse
Crouse, Jarius   /  Syracuse Ny
Day, Elizabeth   /  Baptiste Day
Day, Katie   /  Baptiste Day
Edmunds, Eva   /  Mrs Sara White, Syracuse
Edward, Thomas   /  C/ Richard Edwards
Edwards, Delia   /  Lawrence Edwards, Ft Plain Ny
Edwards, Florence   /  Mrs Lawrence Edwards, Syracuse, Ny
Elm, Margaret   /  Mary Jacobs, (Mother), Syracuse Ny
Frost, Elizabeth B   /  Lena Frost, Syracuse
Frost, Hattie   /  Solomon Frost, Syracuse Ny
Garlow, Florence May   /  Model City Ny
George, David   /  Mary Jacobs, Syracuse
George, Dennison   /  Carrie George, Syracuse, Ny
George, Eliz   /  Carrie George, Syracuse, Ny
George, Florence   /  Elijiah George Onondaga Castle
George, Josiah   /  George George
George, Leroy   /  C/ Elizah George, Onondaga Castle, Ny
George, Mabel   /  Moses Carpenter
George, Samuel   /  C/ Eliza George, Onondaga, Ny
George, Simeon   /  George George, Syracuse
George,Gilmore S   /  C/ Mrs Sallie Geoge George, Syracuse Ny; Onondaga Castle
Gibson, Helen   /  Andrew Gibson, Syracuse, Ny
Gibson, Lizzie   /  Andrew Gibson, Syracuse Ny
Gordon, Henry   /  C/ Mrs Susan Johuas, Onondaga Castle, Ny
Green, Thomas Daniel [Daniel White Eagle]   /  C/ Joseph Green, Onondaga Castle, Ny
Hill, Clarence [Ge Gar Gahhan]   /  Hawley Hill (Chief)
Hill, David Russell Jr.   /  Syracuse, Ny
Hill, Levi   /  William Hill, Onondaga Castle
Hill, Randolph   /  Daniel Hill, Onondaga Ny
Hill, Robert S   /  Syracuse, Ny
Hill,Howard {Genwaae)   /  C. Hawley Hill (Chief)
Homer, Alice   /  Henry Homer, Syracuse Ny
Homer, Jeremiah   /  C/ Henry Homer, Onondaga Castle, Ny
Homer, Jonas   /  Elizabeth Homer, Onondaga, Ny
Homer, Thomas   /  C/ Henry Homer
Homer,Henry   /  C/ Henry Homer, Onondaga Castle, Ny; Eliz Homer, Syracuse Ny
Honiyoust, Eliza [Honyoust]   /  C. Elizabeth Wheeler, Onondaga Castle, Ny
Isaac, John   /  Sidney Isaac, Syracuse, Ny
Isaac, John   / 
Jacobs, Agnes   /  Mary Jacobs, Syracuse
Jimerson, Mary   /  Susan Farmer, Indian Village, Sryacuse
Johnson, Alice   /  C. Charlotte Johnson, Onondaga Castle
Johnson, Mary   / 
Johnson, Moses   / 
Johnson, Newell   /  C Moses Johnson
Johnson, Ulysses   /  Moses Johnson, Onondaga Castle, Ny
Jones, Edward   /  C/ Emily Honiyoust, Onondaga Castle
Jones, Eugene   /  C/ Joshua Jones, Onondaga
Jones, Howard M   /  C/ Alex Jones, Syracuse Ny
Jones, Reuben   /  C/ Moses Jones, Onondaga, Ny
Kennedy, Charles D   /  Nellie Hill (Sis), Onondaga Ny
Kennedy, Lyman   /  C/ Daniel Kennedy
Lion, Baptiste   /  C/ Bill Lion, Onondaga, Ny
Lyon, Isaac   /  C/ Beale Lyon, Syracuse
Lyon, James F   /  Amelia Lyon, Onondaga Ny
Lyon, Sarah   / 
Lyon,, Isaac   /  C/ Beale Lyon
Lyon,Lewis   /  C/ Emily Lyon, Onondaga Castle, Ny
Martin, Cora Belle   /  Mrs Eunice Martin, Syracuse, N
Nolan, Leo   /  Lydia Nolan, Onondao Syrcause Ny
Nolan, Lucinda   /  Mrs Lydia Nolan, Syracuse Ny
Noland, Grace   /  Syracuse, Ny
Patterson, Abner   /  David Patterson
Pierce, Glennie   /  C/ Lydia Blacksnake, Corydon Pa
Pierce, Harold   /  Wm O Pierce, Syracuse
Pierce, Mildred   /  Wm O Pierce, Syracuse Ny
Powlas, Charles   /  C/ Elias Powlas, Onondaga
Powlas, Eddie   /  Isaac Powlas, Syracuse
Powlas, Gilbert   /  David Powlas, Syracus, Ny
Powlas, Jesse   /  C/ Martin Powlas, Onondaga Castle
Powlas, Mcclellan   /  C. Isaac Powlas, Syracuse Ny
Printup, Elmer   /  C/ Julia White (Mother), Onondaga
Quartz, Maggie   /  C/ Susan Farmer
Redeye, Harrison {Henry}   /  C. Henry And Mrs Lucy Redeye, Tunesassa
Redeye, Hattie   /  C. Henry Redeye, Tunessasesa Ny
Redeye, Rena   /  C. Henry Redeye
Redeye, Spencer   /  C. Lucinda Redeye (Mother)
Schanandore, Jennie   /  C. Mrs Hattie George, And Simon Schanandore, Syracuse
Schanandore, Joshua   /  Simon Shanandore
Schanandore, Willie   /  C/ Chauncey Schenandore, Onondaga
Schandandore, Fred   /  Simon Schanandore, Onondaga Castle, Ny
Seneca, Berdina   /  C. Cornelius Seneca
Skenandore, Amelia   /  Gdn David Russell Hill, Syrcuse Ny
Skenandore, Isaiah   /  C/ David Skenandore
Smith, Frank Chubb   / 
Smith, Fred   /  Moses Smith, Onondaga
Smith, Rosasara   /  Levi And Martha Smith, Ny
Soanodoah, Enoch   / 
Strehl, Martha   / 
Thomas, Adam   /  C/ Jamison Thomas, Onondaga, Ny
Thomas, Albert   /  John Thomas
Thomas, Amos   /  C/ Emily Thomas, Onondaga Castle
Thomas, Edith   /  John Thomas
Thomas, Eli   /  C/ Emily Thomas
Thomas, George   /  C/ Emily Thomas, Onandago Castle, Ny
Thomas, James   / 
Thomas, Matilda   / 
Thomas, Theodore   /  Florence Reuben, Syracuse Ny
Thompson, Alta   /  Jno Thompson, Onondaga Castle
Thompson, Joseph   /  C. John Thompson, Syracuse Ny
Waterman, Edward   /  Syracuse, Ny
Waterman, Eva   /  Adeline Alzson, Syracuse, Ny
Waterman, Fred   /  Mary Bigbear (Grdmother), Onondaga Castle
Waterman, Harrison   /  C/ Mary Big Bear, Onondaga Castle; Adelia Lazore, Onondaga Castle
Webster, Elean   /  Syracuse
Webster, Elizabeth   /  Joh Webster
Webster, Ephriam   /  Mrs Lizzie Webster, Indian Village, Syracuse Ny
Webster, Harry   /  Mrs Lizzie Webster, Syracuse, Ny
Webster, Stephen   / 
Whealock, John   /  C/ Peter Whealock (Father), Syracuse, Ny
Wheelock, James   /  Peter Wheelock, Onondaga Castle Ny
White, Albert   /  C/ Rosa Isaac Jacobs; John White, Onodago Castle
Williams, Edgar   /  Mrs Mary J Willaims, Syracuse, Ny
Williams, Elijah Baldwin   /  George Williams, Julia Willaims Mother, Syracuse Ny
Williams, John   / 

9/03/2019

My Original Web Pages Created 1995, The Carlisle Indian Industrial School

 
 

(1879 - 1918)
 "The common schools
are the stomachs of the country
in which all people that come to us
are assimilated within a generation.
When a lion eats an ox,
the lion does not become an ox
but the ox becomes a lion."
...Henry Ward Beecher*
"If the Great Spirit had desired me
to be a white man 
he would have made me so 
in the first place. 
He put in your heart 
certain wishes and plans; 
in my heart he put
other and different desires. 
Each man is good 
in the sight of the Great Spirit.  It is not necessary, 
that eagles should be crows."
..Sitting Bull (Teton Sioux)


Tom Torlino, 1883, on arrival to Carlisle Indian Industrial School height="278" nosave="" src="torbefore.jpg"
Tom Torlino, Navajo. Carlisle Indian School 1886 - 3 years after arrival height="275"

 
 

INTRODUCTION

These pages are designed, written and executed with the purpose of offering glimpses  into the Carlisle Indian School and its history. 

The Carlisle Indian School's mission was to shape identity. 

In its infancy, that shaping meant to transform American Indian children to resemble their so-called "civilized"
American brothers and sisters. 
As the experiment progressed, that purpose shifted to one of "influence"
rather than "transformation,"  according to Francis Leupp,  U.S. Indian Commissioner, 1904.

It is our purpose to respectfully
honor
those students
and their descendants who lived the experiment, 
celebrate with those who prospered from it,  and
grieve
with those whose lives were diminished by it.

This is a history that belongs to all Americans. 
 The identities of all Americans  are shaped by the Carlisle experiment. 

Much of the text on these pages reflect the collaborative efforts of 
Barbara Landis and Genevieve Bell, and none of this work
is associated
with the Cumberland County Historical Society. 

Our express purpose in keeping this history alive is
to
  encourage historians to invigorate a troubling conversation
and to deliver the Carlisle Indian School student names
to their respective nations.

- Barbara Landis



I am grateful for the generous support 
of these pages by the 

VIOLA WHITE WATER FOUNDATION

Please consider donating toward the continued work of these pages:

Viola White Water Foundation

Harrisburg PA 17112



*THE RED MAN, VolumeX, No. 6, July and August, 1890.
 
 

"Schmoop Best of Web Award for Native American History"
 
 



 
 

Cherokee Students Enrolled at the Carlisle Indian Industrial School, 1879-1918

328 Carlisle Indian School students enrolled as "Cherokee" according to documents found at NARA and CCHS. Below are surnames and family/guardian/home addresses found in the records. For information about these students, please visit the Carlisle Indian School Digital Resource Center.


Amachana, Nick (To Night) [Arm Chair]   /  Joseph
Arch, Jennie   /  C. David Arch, Cherokee, Nc
Arch, Johnson   /  Mrs Taxie And David Arch, Cherokee NC
Arch, Kodeskie   /  Irne Consum, Cherokee Nc
Arch, Olivan   /  David Arch,Cherokee Nc
Arch, Ross   /  David Arch, Cherokee NC
Armachain(E), Jonah   /  Ann Eliza Welch, Stoney Nc
Asher, Buck   /  Jg Schofield, Chectoah Ok Gdn
Baldridge, William   /  James Baldridge, Poorn, Ok
Bean, Albert   /  Ochelata Ok
Beck, Diana   /  C. James Beck, Cherokee School
Beck, Ella   /  C. Smaul Beck, Homing Post, Ok; Dora Red Eagle
Beck, Eugene   /  Samuel Beck, Clayton Ga
Beck, Mamie   /  C. James Beck, E Cherokee
Beck, May   /  C. Samuel Beck, Clayton, Ga
Beck, Rose   /  Samuel Beck, Cherokee Nc
Beck, Savannah   /  C/ Samuel Beck, Clayton Ga
Beck, Stacy   /  James Beck, Clayton Ga
Bell, Ernest   /  Caroline Bell, Lumberton Nc
Big Jim, Goliath [Gillowich]   /  Driver Big Jim, Cherokee N
Big Jim, Lassla   /  Cherokee NC
Big Meat, Robert   /  John Crow [Uncle], Cherokee Nc
Bird, David   /  Mrs Sarah Bird Arneach, Almond Nc
Bird, Lizzie   /  Jefferson Amach, Whittier Nc
Blythe, Fred   /  James Blythe, Cherokee, Nc Gdn
Blythe, Sampson   /  Cherokee Nc
Blythe, Stella   /  Nc
Boles, Richard   /  Kate Downing, Tezanna Ok
Bradley, Henry   /  V Bradley
Bradley, Johnson   /  Vindaly Bradley
Bradley, Margaret   /  Nancy Bradlye, Stonery Nc
Bradley, Nick   /  Vandalia Bradley, Cherokee Nc
Cannot, Abel   /  Geo Cannot
Catolst, Etta   /  Charley Catolst, E Cherokee
Christian, Alva Blanchard   /  Thoms M Christian, Shawnee Ok
Clark, John   /  John C Clark, Lumberton Nc
Coats, Elmer E   /  Susie D Coats, Pryor Ok
Cody, John   /  Keller Cody
Coleman, Nancy   /  Nancy Mary Ellen Coleman, Cherokee Nc
Colonahaska, Abraham   /  Doneola Colonahaska Father, Cherokee Nc
Colonahaski, Joseph   /  Isiah Colonahaski,Whittier Nc
Colonhaske, Charles   /  Susan Colonahski, Nc
Conley, John   /  Nc
Conley, Luke   /  John Conley, Wahiyah, Nc
Conseen, Junalashi   / 
Corbin, Sara   /  OK
Cornsilk, Dow   /  Cherokee NC
Cornsilk, Martha   / 
Crittenden, Cicero   /  Rb Worsham, Stilwell Ok Gdn
Crow, Alice Bigwitch   /  Sallie Bigwitch, Whittier Nc
Crow, Arthur   /  Mary Greene, Cherokee Nc
Crow, Boyd   /  Joseph Crow, Cherokee Nc
Crow, David   /  Sevier Crow, Cherokee Nc
Crow, Dora   /  Cherokee Nc
Crow, Etta   /  C. Mrs Laura Crow, Sever Crow, Cherokee Nc
Crow, Nana Anona   /  Survey Crow, Cherokee Nc
Crow, Ossie   /  Welsey And Peter Crow
Crow, Robert Elige   / 
Crow, Ute   /  Wm Chitoske, Cherokee
Crowe, Dora Dell   /  Mary Crowe, Whittier Nc
Crowe, Luther   /  Mary Greene, Cherokee
Crowe, Minnie   /  Joseph Corw, Cherokee Nc
Cucumber, Gena   /  Ross Cucumber, Cherokee Nc
Daniel, Adolphus   /  Wm Buzzard, Jay, Ok
Daughtery, Robin   /  Rb Worsham Gdn, Stilwell Ok
Davis, Anita   /  Sallie Long, Cherokee Nc
Davis, David   / 
Davis, Isaac   /  Charlie Davis, Cherokee Nc
Davis, Isaac   /  Swayney Nc
Davis, Israel   /  Charles Davis, Stoney Nc
Dewatley, Sam   / 
Dewitt, Charles   / 
Downing, Hill   /  Father Houston Downing, Jay Ok
Driver, Adam   /  Eliza Kruaght, Cherokee Nc
Driver, James B   / 
Duncan, Charles   /  Thos J Sanders, Stillwell Ok Gj Sanders, Stillwll Ok Gdn
Duncan, Felix   /  Lydia Duncan, Stilwell Ok
Feather, Hettie   /  Sallie Shell, Cherokee Nc Gdn
Feather, Mary   /  Samuel E Adair, Stillwell, Ok
Fields, Leslie Earl   /  Nellie Fields, South West City, Mo
Fisher, Moses Wiley   /  Maggie Fisher, Choteau Ok
Fishinghawk, Chickkilla   /  Jl Morton, Stillwell Ok
Foreman, Evaline   /  Minnie Foreman, Tahlequah OK
Foreman, Osceola   /  Joe Foreman, Locust Grove, Ok
French, Maud   /  Arves French, Cherokee NC
French, Morgan   / 
French, Moroni   /  Awee French, Birdtown, Nc
French, Ned   / 
French, Nellie   /  Adam Owl, Whittier Nc (Cousin)
French, Songhee   / 
George, Abraham   / 
George, Anna B   /  Mrs Mary George, Dawson Geroge, Cherokee Nc
George, Annie Smoke   /  Smoke, Eastern NC
George, Beulah   /  Sampson Owl, Cherokee Nc
George, Dahney   /  Stemper George, NC
George, Green   / 
George, Hayes (I Gon Du Geh)   /  Stamper George
George, Jordan   /  Yonasjena Geroge, Cherokee Nc
George, Judas   /  Jonah Skena George
George, Manly   /  Qualla, Whittier Nc
George, Mark   /  Charleston George, Birdtown, Nc Gdn
George, Samuel   /  Qualla Boundary
Geroge, Sohn   /  David George
Gilstrap, Anna   /  Lou Gilstrap, Evanston, Ill Mother
Gilstrap, David F   /  Lou Gilstrap, Evanston, Ill
Gilstrap, Mamie   /  Lou Gilstrap, Evanston Ill
Graybeard, James   /  Moses Vilnotz, Cherokee Nc
Graybeard, Sallie   /  Moses Vilnotz, Cherokee Nc
Green, George   /  Wm Johnson, Cherokee Nc
Green, Willie Lucy   /  Mrs Frances Green, Muskogee Ok
Hall, Bessie   /  Wd Hall, Viaw, Ok
Hicks, May   /  Jw Wyrick, Baxter Springs, Kansas
Hicks, Nina   /  Jw Wyrick, Baxter Springs, Kansas Gdn
Hildebrandt, Benjamin   /  Mrs Laura Butler, South West City, MO
Hill, Blaine M   /  Maul Hill, Wahhiyah Nc
Hill, Minda   /  Louisa Hill, Sonery Nc
Holland,Walter   /  Hugh Holland
Holomiheskie, Martha   /  Cherokee, Nc
Hornbuckle, Dinah   /  Leander Hornbuckle, Cherokee NC
Hornbuckle, Fred   /  C. Will Hornbuckle, Cherokee Nc
Hornbuckle, Jefferson Davis   /  Davis Hornbuckle, Cherokee Nc
Hornbuckle, Johnson   /  Sallie Catt, Bryson City Nc
Hornbuckle, Maggie   /  C. Jas Hornbuckle, E Cherokee
Hornbuckle, William   /  Rebecca And James Hornbuckle, Cherokee Nc
Hornbuckle,. Ross   /  Ross Smith, Cherokee NC
Israell, Ella   /  Wm Israel, Salina Ok
Jackson, Fannie   / 
Jackson, Jack {Owanita)   /  Nannie Jackson, Cherokee Nc
Jackson, Jonas   /  John Jackson, Cherokee Nc
Jackson, Sarah   /  John Jackson, Cherokee Nc
Jacobs, Luther   /  William Jacobs, Lumberton Nc
Jasson, John   /  Jassan, Cherokee Nc
Jessan, Joseph   /  Lydia Jessan, Cherokee
Jessan,, Dahnola   /  Wagnersville Nc
Johnson, Addison   /  Janus Johnson, Cherokee Nc
Johnson, Amy   / 
Johnson, Clifford   /  Hnery West, Vian Ok Gdn
Johnson, Frances F   /  John W Anderson, Claremore Ok
Johnson, Lewis   /  William E Johnson Rose Ok
Johnson, Richard W   /  John W Johnson, Claremore Ok
Johnson, Samuel M   /  John W Johnson, Claremore Ok
Johnson, Simon   /  Janus Johnson,Cherokee Nc Amanda Thompson, Cherokee Nc
Johnson, Tempa   /  C. Idaih Colonahashi, Cherokee And Thaddeus Nick Whittier Nc
Johnson, William   /  Golia Blithe, Cherokee Nc
Jumper, Stansil   /  Ute Jumper, Whittier Nc
Lambert, John   /  John Lambert, Cherokee Nc
Larch, David   /  Daniel Larch, Cherokee Nc
Larch, Olive   /  Daniel Larch
Larch, William   /  Daniel Larch, Cherokee Nc
Largen, Mary E   /  Salliswa Ok
Lewis, Bert   /  Jas Lewis, Turley, Okl
Littlejohn, Agnes   /  Cherokee Nc
Littlejohn, Guy   /  Will Littlejohn, Cherokee Nc
Locklear, Charles   /  Fuller Locklear, Lumberton Nc
Locklear, George   /  C/ Fuller Locklear, Lumberton, Nc
Locust, Peter   /  William Locust, Whittier Nc
Long, Carl Wheeler   /  George Long, Cherokee Nc
Long, Charles   /  Joe Long, Whittier, North Carolina
Long, Peter Ichudahulattah   /  Connehatah, Cherokee Nc
Long, Rachel   /  C. Con Ne He Tah, E Cherokee
Long, Sylvester Clark   /  Jos Long, Winston Nc, Robeson Ag
Lossih, John   /  John Dehart Lossih, Cherokee, nc
Lossih, Solomon   /  Lon Toineeta, Cherokee Nc
Lossih, Thomas   /  Mrs Hennie Lossih, Cherokee Nc
Lowin, Lucy   / 
Lowrie, Garfield   /  Alex Lowie, Pembroke Nc
Maney, James   /  Jasper Maney, Birdtown Nc
Mcclanahan, Leonard   /  Tb Cornelius, Vian Ok Gdn
Mcdaniels, George   /  Thomas Mcdaniel, Gdn, Muscogee Indian Territory
Melton, Anna M   /  Grove Ok
Melton, Clara   /  Grove Ok
Melton, Cora   /  Grove Ok
Miller, Iva   /  Grace Gray Morris, Arkansas City, Kansas
Miller, Leon   /  Nora Miller, Evanston Ill
Miller, Leon   /  Nora Miller, Evanston Ill
Mixwater, Lollie   / 
Mumblehead, James Bradley   /  John Mumblehead, Almond Nc
Mumblehead, James W   /  Mrs Sallie Catt, Almond Cherokee
Mumblehead, Roger   /  Nancy Saunooke, Cherokee Nc
Muskrat, Harvey R   /  Jas Muskrat, Grove Ok
Newcomb, Otmus A   /  Thomas Newcomb Ok
Newcombe, Robest F   /  Amanda Wilson, Nowata Ok
Nick, Bessie Eganola   /  C. Cherokee Nc
Nick, Chittoske Tassie Nick Chiltoski Nick   /  C. Sam Collins, Cherokee Nc
Nick, Minnie   / 
Ocumma, Mattie   /  James, E Cherokee
Oosowie, Tarquette   /  Sallie Johnson, Cherokee Nc
Osowie, William   /  Jennie Osowie, Cherokee Nc
Owl, Agnes   /  B Jumper, Cherokee Nc
Owl, Ammons   /  Suate Owl, Cherokee Nc
Owl, David   /  Adam Owl, Birdtown
Owl, Enoch   /  Annie Owl, Cherokee Nc
Owl, Fanny   / 
Owl, John   /  Adam Owl, Cherokee Nc
Owl, Johnson   /  George Owl, Cherokee Nc
Owl, Kamie   /  Sampson Owl, Cherokee Nc
Owl, Martha   /  Jos Owl, E Cherokee
Owl, Martha Jane   /  Solomon Owl, Birdtown, Nc
Owl, Samuel   /  Adam Owl, Birdtown
Owl, Theodore   / 
Owl, Thomas   /  C. Adam Owl, Cherokee NC
Owl, William   /  Adam Owl, Ja Tahquette, Cherokee Nc
Owl, William H   /  Suate Owl, Cherokee Nc
Oxendine, James   /  Charity Oxendine, Pembroke Nc
Oxendine, Lacy   /  Pembroke Nc
Paris, Marion   /  Mrs Annie E Paris, Catale Ok
Parker, Harrison G   /  R Jordan Gdn. Mcalester Okl
Parris, George   /  Johnanna Parris, Rose Ok
Partridge, Bird   /  Jm Partridge And Delvid Partridge, Bird Town, Nc
Payne, George   /  Hasel Payne, Cherokee Nc
Powell, Moses   /  John Powell, Wahhiayah, Nc
Powell, Sarah   /  Doogah Powell, Swayney Nc
Powell, Stansill   /  John Powell; Dague Powell, Wahhiyah Nc
Ratliff, William Ratley   /  Hughie Battles, Cherokee Nc
Reed, Lloyd   /  Peter Reed, Grdfather, Cherokee Nc
Reed, Lucinda [Cindy]   /  Cherokee, Nc
Reed, Margaret Goleach   /  Mrs Rachel C Reed, James Reed, Cherokee Nc
Revels, Willard   /  Like Revels, New Auburn Wis
Rogers, Winifred D (Winnie)   /  Andrew J Rodgers, Short Ok
Ross, Adam [Tewatley - Nick Name]   /  C/ James Tewatley, E Cherokee
Ross, Mckinley   / 
Ross, Rosa   /  C. Joshua Ross, Tullahassee Mission OK
Running Wolfe, Lloyd   /  Running Wolf, Cherokee Nc
Sam, Josiah   /  Sulteesky Sam, Stillwell Ok
Sannooka, Jackson   /  Stacey An John Sannooka, Almond Nc
Saunook, Stillwell   /  John Sounook, Whittier Nc
Saunooke, Dora   /  C. Dora Saunooke Mother
Saunooke, Isabel   /  C. John Saunooke
Saunooke, Joe   /  C/ Cowan Saunooke, [Chief], Cherokee NC
Saunooke, Malinda   /  Stilwell Saunooke,
Saunooke, Nana   /  Joe Saunooke,Cherokee Nc Stilwell Saunooke?; Aged 25 Full Blood
Saunooke, Nannie Mrs Manus Screamer   /  C. Stilwell Saunooke
Saunooke, Samuel   /  C/ John Saunooke, Cherokee NC
Saunooke, Stephen   /  Cherokee Nc
Screamer, Manus   /  C/ James Screamer, And Ollie Saunooke, Cherokee, Nc
Seay, John W   /  C/ Poleman Seay, Cherokee NC
Sequoyah, Lizzie   /  C. Jackali Sequoyah
Sequoyah, Luzena Luzena Jackali Mrs Blaine Hill   /  C. Jackali, Cherokee
Sequoyah, Noah   /  John Sequoyah, Cherokee Nc
Sequoyah, Tahquette   /  Jackalye Sequoyah, Wahhiyah Nc
Shell, Huckleberry B   /  Wp Fay, Stilwell, Ok Gdn
Shell, Ute   /  C/ John Shell, Cherokee NC
Shevill, William   /  Andy Shevill, Cherokee NC
Smith, David   /  Stoney Nc
Smith, Duffia   /  C/ Dock Smith, Birdtown Nc
Smith, Jaocb   /  C/ Henry Smith
Smith, Jesse   / 
Smith, Lewis   /  C. Jesse Murphy, Gd
Smith, Lottie   /  C. George Smith, Cherokee Nc
Smith, Mary Ann   /  Henry Smith, Cherokee Nc
Smith, Robinson   /  Floyd Smith, Cherokee Nc
Smith, Roxanna   / 
Smith, Sibbald   /  C/ Nimrod Smith, Cherokee NC
Smith, Tom   /  C/ Henry Smith, Cherokee Nc
Squirrell, Dinah   /  Gdn: Je Henderson, Birdtown
Standingdeer, Culgaluska (Carl W)   /  C. Wesley Standingdeer
Swaney, Calcina   /  Laura Swayney, Swayney Nc
Swayney, Luzena   /  John Swayney, Swayney, Nc
Teesateske, Welch   /  Robert Crowe, Whittier Nc
Teleskie, Jesse   /  Ute Jumper, Cherokee Nc -- Step-Father
Tewatley, Cain   /  C/ James Tewatley, Cherokee, Nc
Thompson, David B   /  Johnson Thompson, Swayney Nc
Thompson, James   /  Johnson Thompson, Swaynex, Nc
Thompson, Jeffress William   /  C/ Johnson Thompson
Thompson, Newton   /  Frank M Breene, Bartlesville Ok Gdn
Toolate, Nelson   /  Geo Squirrel, Salina Ok
Tramper, Ammoons   /  C/ Aggie Tramper, Cherokee Nc
Tramper, Chittoske “Tossie”   /  Molly Tramper, Yellow Heel Nc
Tramper, Lottie C.   /  C. Molllie Tramper, Cherokee Nc
Tubbs, Laura   /  C. Tabitha Tubbs, Leesville La
Tubbs, Texie   /  C/ Mrs T A Tubbs/ George Tubbs, Leesville La
Turley, William B   /  Jw Turley, Turley Ok
Wahhahoo, Lista Wahoo   /  C. John Grey Beard, Cherokee, Nc ... Mrs C E Saunders, Cherokee (Mother)
Wahyahnetah, Maggie   /  Wm Wahyahnetah, Cherokee Nc
Wahyahnetah, Posey   /  Joh Wahyahenutah, Whittier Nc
Wahyahnetah, Samuel   /  Wm Wahyahnetah, Cherokee Nc
Walkingstick, Mike   /  Jno Walking Stick, Birdtown Nc
Washington, Joseph   /  C/ Lizzie And James Washington
Washington, Rachel   /  C. Lizzie Washington (Mother)
Webb,William David   /  Gertrude Webb Norton, Fairland, Okl
Welch, Lucinda M   /  C. Isaac Welch And Nancy Welch, Cherokee Nc
Welch, Bettie   / 
Welch, Charlotte [Lottie]   /  C/ John G Welch, Cherokee, Nc
Welch, Clarence   /  Jas B Welch, Stonery Nc .. Browning Mt
Welch, Cornetta   /  C/ Sampson Welch, Birdtown, Nc
Welch, James   /  Davis Welch, Cherokee Nc
Welch, Jesse   /  Stoney Nc; Cherokee Nc, Ewen Welch
Welch, John   /  Jacson Welch, Tomotla, Nc
Welch, Lloyd   /  Mary E Toinetta, Cherokee Nc Mother
Welch, Lucinda   /  C. John G Welch, Cherokee Nc
Welch, Mark   /  Elija Welch, Stonery, Nc
Welch, Mary   / 
Welch, Mollie   / 
Welch, Moses   /  C/ Isaac Welch
Welch, Ned   /  Stonery Nc
Welch, Robin   /  Cherokee Nc
Welch, Tony   /  Mary E Toineeta, Cherokee Nc
Welch, William   /  John G Welch, Cherokee Nc
Welch, Wilson Ocumma   /  James Ocumma, Cherokee NC
Welsh, Mary   /  Jackson Welch, Cherokee Nc
West, James   /  William West, Cherokee Nc
Whippoorwill Allan   /  Cherokee Nc
Whippoorwill, Manly   /  C/ John Whippoorwill
Wiley, Wilson   /  Josie Hendricks, Ochelata Ok
Wilnotih, Ned   /  Annie Littlejohn, Cherokee
Wofford, Jesse   /  Ochelata Ok
Wolf, Callie   /  Jos Wolfe, Stoney Nc
Wolf, Elkany   /  Abraham Hill, Cherokee Nc
Wolfe, Amanda   /  C. Mrs Nancy Wolfe,
Wolfe, Edward   /  C/ Margaret Wolfe
Wolfe, George   /  David Wolf, Cherokee NC
Wolfe, Jesse   /  Swayney Nc
Wolfe, John   /  Cherokee Nc
Wolfe, Katie   /  Mrs Margaret Saunooke, Cherokee Nc
Wolfe, Mark   /  David Wolfe
Wolfe, Mary   /  David Wolfe, Cherokee NC
Wolfe, Mary Elizabeth {Lizzie}   /  Comeback Wolf
Wolfe, Pearl   /  C/ Nancy Wolfe, Cherokee, Nc
Wolfe, Tarquette Taquah   /  Ojalade Dickey, Wahhiyah, Nc
Woodell, Margaret   /  Mallissa Oxedine, Pembroke, Nc
Woodfire, Hattie   /  Edward Hyht
Wright, Ellis S   /  Rose Ok
Young Bird, Rufus   /  John Youngbird
Young Bird, Saughee   /  Whittier Nc
Young Bird, Wesley   /  Cherokee Nc
Young Bird, Yhannie   /  Cherokee Nc
Young Deer, Jessie   /  C/ Youngdeer
Young Deer, Stephen   /  C/ John Youngdeer